Run a mirror nodeπŸ”—

The utility of a mirror node is to expose a RPC endpoint to submit extrinsincs and get blockchain data. It can be an archive node if it keeps a copy of the whole storage for each block or a standard node if it enables storage pruning and only keeps state transitions. Both can be used for synchronization but only archive nodes can be used to retreive blockchain information at any given block.

Table of contents

  1. Install
    1. Docker
      1. Compose file
      2. Start node
    2. Binary
    3. Debian
    4. Yunohost
    5. Other methods
  2. Expose the RPC API publicly



We chose docker as the standard way to deploy a node. Distribution packages are not yet provided. First install docker on your platform.

Compose fileπŸ”—

Then use the following docker-compose.yml example file:

    image: duniter/duniter-v2s-gdev:xxx             # <----
    restart: unless-stopped
      # Prometheus
      - 9615:9615
      # RPC API
      - 9944:9944
      # p2p
      - 30333:30333
      - data-mirror:/var/lib/duniter/
      - DUNITER_CHAIN_NAME=yyy                      # <----
      - DUNITER_NODE_NAME=zzz                       # <----


Replace -gdev by the docker image of the network you want to use. You can found the available images here:

Replace xxx by the Duniter version you want to use. Use sha-latest to use the latest version. If you are using ARM architecture (raspberry pi for example), ask on the forum which image should be used.

Replace yyy by the name of the chain you want to use. Only gdev, gtest and g1 are available at the moment and only gdev will work since no chainspec exist for the other yet.

Replace zzz by the name of your node on chain. It is useful to include your name for other people to recognize you easily and an identifier of the node if you run multiple.

For more info about how to configure your node using Docker, read configure (docker).

Start nodeπŸ”—

When done, in the folder of this docker-compose.yml file, run docker compose up to start your node. You should see logs like this:

[+] Running 6/6
 β Ώ duniter-rpc Pulled                                                      18.1s
   β Ώ 548fcab5fe88 Pull complete                                            14.2s
   β Ώ a6cb4a21b40a Pull complete                                            14.4s
   β Ώ c1e8b5464c78 Pull complete                                            15.6s
   β Ώ abff9d6e5a19 Pull complete                                            15.7s
   β Ώ 0bce2fe9b911 Pull complete                                            15.7s
[+] Running 3/3
 β Ώ Network hugo_default          Created                                    0.0s
 β Ώ Volume "hugo_data-rpc"        Created                                    0.0s
 β Ώ Container hugo-duniter-rpc-1  Created                                    0.1s
Attaching to hugo-duniter-rpc-1
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | Generating node key file '/var/lib/duniter/node.key'...
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 12D3KooWBcWNStGCq1WwWCsfTYKcc76CQ94FYUwbcsPzDWFWToub
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | Node peer ID is '12D3KooWBcWNStGCq1WwWCsfTYKcc76CQ94FYUwbcsPzDWFWToub'.
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | Starting duniter with parameters: --name hugo-trentesaux-rpc-albatros --node-key-file /var/lib/duniter/node.key --rpc-cors all --chain gdev -d /var/lib/duniter --unsafe-rpc-external --unsafe-ws-external
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 Duniter    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 ✌️  version 0.3.0-3189d769f70    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 ❀️  by Axiom-Team Developers <>, 2021-2023    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 πŸ“‹ Chain specification: Ğdev    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 🏷  Node name: hugo-trentesaux-rpc-albatros    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 πŸ‘€ Role: FULL    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 πŸ’Ύ Database: ParityDb at /var/lib/duniter/chains/gdev/paritydb/full    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:41 β›“  Native runtime: gdev-400 (duniter-gdev-1.tx1.au1)    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:43 πŸ”¨ Initializing Genesis block/state (state: 0x4096…cfd1, header-hash: 0xf9bb…0dfc)    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:43 πŸ‘΄ Loading GRANDPA authority set from genesis on what appears to be first startup.    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ‘Ά Creating empty BABE epoch changes on what appears to be first startup.    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 🏷  Local node identity is: 12D3KooWBcWNStGCq1WwWCsfTYKcc76CQ94FYUwbcsPzDWFWToub    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» Operating system: linux    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» CPU architecture: x86_64    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» Target environment: gnu    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» CPU: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-8565U CPU @ 1.80GHz    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» CPU cores: 4    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» Memory: 15713MB    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» Kernel: 5.15.85-1-MANJARO    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» Linux distribution: Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster)    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ’» Virtual machine: no    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 πŸ“¦ Highest known block at #0    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 〽️ Prometheus exporter started at    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 Running JSON-RPC HTTP server: addr=, allowed origins=None    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 Running JSON-RPC WS server: addr=, allowed origins=None    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 ***** Duniter has fully started *****    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:44 creating instance on iface    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:45 πŸ” Discovered new external address for our node: /ip4/    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:49 βš™οΈ  Syncing, target=#587673 (4 peers), best: #3683 (0x3ca6…af6c), finalized #3584 (0x847f…6d18), ⬇ 391.2kiB/s ⬆ 6.3kiB/s    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:54 βš™οΈ  Syncing 724.6 bps, target=#587674 (5 peers), best: #7307 (0x8165…f519), finalized #7168 (0xca18…8675), ⬇ 238.2kiB/s ⬆ 2.9kiB/s    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:09:59 βš™οΈ  Syncing 689.6 bps, target=#587674 (5 peers), best: #10755 (0x0993…d78e), finalized #10752 (0xd01d…8d6b), ⬇ 237.8kiB/s ⬆ 2.5kiB/s    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:10:02 on_idty_change: pallet_authority_members.change_owner_key(): <wasm:stripped>    
hugo-duniter-rpc-1  | 2023-01-23 16:10:04 βš™οΈ  Syncing 706.1 bps, target=#587675 (5 peers), best: #14288 (0x12e1…c95e), finalized #13824 (0xf539…7329), ⬇ 237.8kiB/s ⬆ 2.5kiB/s 

It downloaded the good docker image, started the node, and started synchronization.

βš™οΈ  Syncing 706.1 bps, target=#587675 (5 peers), best: #14288 (0x12e1…c95e), finalized #13824 (0xf539…7329), ⬇ 237.8kiB/s ⬆ 2.5kiB/s 

The line above tells you the state of the synchronization. You get the target block of the network, the block your are currently at, and the average sychronization speed (here 706 blocks per second).

Once you are happy with the result, you can safely interrupt Duniter (with Ctrl+C) and start it again in background with:

docker compose up --detach

Then you can inspect your node in polkadotjs app locally or remotely depending on where you started your node.

For more info about how to interact with Duniter through Docker, read configure (docker).


You can download a pre-build binary (no official support yet) or compile Duniter with:

# choose the branch corresponding to your target network {gdev, gtest, g1}
git clone --branch BRANCH --depth 1
# build duniter binary
cargo build --release

This can take ~1h or so depending on your internet connexion and computing power. Then you get a binary in ./target/release/duniter.

# read help
duniter --help | less
# start node
duniter --chain=gdev

You will find in the help everything you need to configure and run your node.


We have a debian package for Duniter v2 currently in test stage. Documentation is available on the repo We give below a more detailed example for a mirror node.

Download debian package from (temporary link, TODO: replace by when available and non-expiring artifact). Then install and configure it:

# download with curl
curl -o duniter_0.8.0-1_amd64.deb
# install with apt
sudo apt install ./duniter_0.8.0-1_amd64.deb
# configure at least DUNITER_NODE_NAME in env file
sudo vim /etc/duniter/env_file
# start the service
sudo systemctl start duniter-mirror.service
# follow the logs to see synchronization in progress
sudo journalctl -u duniter-mirror.service -f
# enable service if you want it to start automatically on system startup
sudo systemctl enable duniter-mirror.service 

If you need help, support is available on the forum (currently french only

After that, you will be able to use your mirror locally (with gcli or polkadotjs), but for remote use, you will need to expose your node publicly with https, see below.


A Yunohost package is currently available in test stage.

# install it with
yunohost app install

For questions, ask on the forum

Other methodsπŸ”—

Contributions are welcome for other package like:

Expose the RPC API publiclyπŸ”—

Once you are happy with your node, you can expose publicly its RPC API using a nginx reverse proxy for example:

server {
  server_name DOMAIN;

  listen 443 ssl http2;
  listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
  ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/DOMAIN.cert;
  ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/DOMAIN.key;

  root /nowhere;

  add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
  add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
  proxy_redirect off;
  proxy_buffering off;
  proxy_set_header Host $host;
  proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Port $server_port;
  proxy_read_timeout 90;

  location / {
    proxy_pass http://localhost:9944;

    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
    proxy_http_version 1.1;

    proxy_read_timeout 1200s;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header Host $host;

with the appropriate certificates. See duniter doc examples for detail.